Sudan, for more than a decade, has seen constant conflicts with its rebels. Today, it is a new dawn to something that will bring peace–a critical peace deal that will get the country into good terms with its rebels. The country’s official news agency, SUNA, reported on 30th Sunday 2020 that Sudan’s top rebel group had agreed on a peaceful pact with the government that aims at ending the 17 years of prolonged conflicts in the country.
An official signing ceremony is underway on Monday in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. Juba has, for a long time, provided a neutral ground for peace solutions, helped in mediations to the long-running talks that have existed from late 2019.
On late Saturday, the Sudan senior government officials and the leaders of the rebel group “signed their initials on protocols on security arrangement and other technical issues,” SUNA reports.
Despite the arrangements earlier made, the two rebels rejected some part of the deal. A section of the Sudan Liberation Movement, chaired by Abdel Wahid al-Nu. And some part of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu rejected details of the deal to own interest that suited their groups.
Inside the Sudan peace deal arrangements
The peace deal consists of critical key issues around land ownership, security in the county, transitional justice. The peace deal also includes the return of refugees who run from their homes due to wars and power-sharing in the country.
Furthermore, it provides for the removal of rebel groups and the inclusion of their fighters into the national army.
Salva Kiir met Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok together with several other ministers in Juba on Sunday, where they held the talks and came up with the excellent peace packed deal in the country today.
What Prime Minister Abadalla Hamdok Says?
The PM Abdalla Hamdok said finding a neutral deal has ever been everyone’s hope for a better country. However, this took a long time after the first initial agreement signed in the month of September of 2019.
“At the Juba Declaration in September, everyone expected peace to be signed within two or three months, but… we realized that the questions were of one great complexity,”
“However, we were able to accomplish this great work, and this is the start of peace-building.”
The Prime Minister said.
The Rebel Groups
The rebel groups took up arms behind what they said was economic-political relegation by the government in the capital, Khartoum.
They are mostly from the non-Arab small groups that long criticized Arab supremacy of successive governments in Khartoum, including the overtaking the government of Omar al-Bashir.
Relatively 300,000 people have lost their lives in Darfur since the rebels took control there in 2003.
Conflict in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile started in 2011, after the unresolved chaos of hostile fighting in Sudan’s 1983-2005 civil war.
However, coming into a peace deal with rebels has been a significant concern of Sudan’s transitional government, which took power after Bashir’s overthrow in April 2019 by a mass protest against his dictatorial rule.
For example, many peace accords in Sudan, the 2006 peace deal signed in Nigeria and another signed in Qatar in 2010, have never brought peace. Still, people are positively hoping the current peace deal will restore the nation to a standard, peaceful country.