The universe has amazing facts in it. For example, there is no light in space, gravity pulls every object towards the earth’s center and that the earth is billions of years. When it comes to life, we see it extraordinarily since all living organism needs oxygen to live. A parasite by the name Henneguya Salminicola got discovered and it’s the first exceptional living organism on earth.
The Discovery Of the Parasite
Recently a team of Israel discovered a parasite that can live in an environment that is deprived of oxygen. It is a multicellular organism that resembles a jellyfish and it is found in salmon fish muscles. The extraordinary organism is harmless to human beings as far as the research is concerned.
This living creature finds its way in salmons through worms. When a fish dies and happens to have worms in it the parasite will attack the worm and another salmon fish may swallow them when feeding. It can cling onto its host by using jellyfish-like stinging cells. This new life is termed as one of the extraterrestrial beings that are living in the earth.
The research has left people with many questions concerning this parasite and the evolution of life in living organisms. The major question asked is where does this parasite get its energy and fuel to live from since it has no related organelles to do so?
The Process Of Respiration
Respiration is the process of living organisms producing energy. This is made possible by the oxidation of organic substances by the use of oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide as a byproduct. This process happens in an organelle called a mitochondrion, through the manufacture of Adenosine Tri-Phosphate
Aerobic respiration involves the production of energy cells by use of oxygen whereas in anaerobic respiration there is the use of electron acceptors.
In the case of the newly discovered organism, it seems to have evolved from aerobic respiration to a more complicated anaerobic respiration. Its mitochondria structure is not present since it’s believed that over time it might have disappeared.
However, there seem to be tiny structures that resemble mitochondria but unfortunately cannot produce enzymes that help in respiration. Some researchers assume that the animal uses some kind of protein that they use to steal energy from its host. Henneguya Salminicola seems to have lost its genes used in reproducing more mitochondria during the period of evolution.
Comparison To Myxobolus Squamalis And The Life Of Myxozoa
Henneguya Salminicola is compared to another organism called Myxobolus Squamalis that has almost the same characteristics. The difference between the two-living organism is that Myxobolus Squamalis contains the mitochondria DNA but not the Henneguya Salminicola.
Myxozoa is a class of parasitic living organism and they have a two-host life cycle that includes worms and fish. This class has gone through some evolutionary stages and researchers are continuing with its research to date. The evolution undergone gives us reasons as to why we have a self-sufficient jelly-like parasite and why it does not have genes for normal multicellular normal growth.