For a region with Africa’s most powerful oil reserves, a battle emerges in the contest over Libya’s Oil. In August 2011, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi gave a speech relying on his followers to protect their country from foreign aggression when the Libyan rebels and NATO jets launched an attack on Tripoli.
“There is a conspiracy to control Libyan Oil, land, and to colonize Libya once again. This is impossible. We will fight until the last man and last woman to defend Libya from east to west, north to south,” Gaddafi said in a message broadcast by a pro-regime television station.
Two months later, the dictator was seized, weakened, and terrified by the attack in his hometown of Sirte, until they assassinated him. Nine years on, after a new civil war broke out, Gaddafi’s predictions have come close to reality — but as the United States has withdrawn from its role in its downfall, Libya has become the backbone of increasingly aggressive world states. The battle heads to Sirte, the key to Libya’s Oil and wealth.
Upon Gaddafi’s demise, Sirte’s profits ended up turning; once a glittering exhibition of his dream for Africa, the revolt smoothed down villages. The Islamic nations assaulted the country, but Libya pushed out the jihadists in 2016. They overwhelmed the town and the surrounding desert with firearms and soldiers in breach of foreign arms ban during recent months. The government loyal to Tripoli powers was mobilizing on one side, and General Khalifa Haftar, named by the opposing parliament in Tobruk, was battling on the other.
Libya’s Oil is dripping in the Hands of her Enemies.
The British Parliament, headed by David Cameron and France led by Nicolas Sarkozy, helped oust Gaddafi–but Paris has kept a firm hand in Libya’s affairs while London is still operating diplomatically on the sides. Libya’s greatest asset is at substantial risk: the most significant oil reserves on the African continent. Many of the country’s oil reserves, worth billions of dollars a year, sit in the Sirte region. In January, Haftar’s armies, which dominate Sirte, banned oil exports, causing sales to fall. This contributed to salary reductions of civil servants. Presently, as the government is drawing on Gaddafi-merited funds, Tripoli is rapidly displacing Haftar’s powers.
By then, the GNA had started a slow push eastward to persuade Haftar to relinquish power over the Sirte oil basin yet to confront an LNA at the expense of western allies. In January, Turkey took decisive steps to avert the collapse of the capital, after an announcement of full military help to the GNA by deploying Turkish tanks, helicopters, air defense weapons, and Syrians to push renegade generals’ powers out. Turkey changed the fighting tables, forcing Haftar to exit a substantial section of western Libya. Last month, the parliament of Egypt announced an active military response in Libya against Turkey and threatened that Cairo would react directly if pro-GNA powers were pushed into Sirte. Sadly, neither side would give up these valuable assets.
Will Libya Know Peace Again?
The Libyan conflict has been worsening. LNA dominates Sirte and the oilfields in the southern part of the city. This has lead to unprecedented conflicts among foreign nations. This week will launch a long-awaited international audit of the central bank of Libya. This is a move that may aim to end the six-month blockade. But other analysts fear that the intricate conflict now has too many divergent interests. This makes it difficult to reach any possible solutions. The possibility of a frozen dispute or even a division of the nation continues to rise. The UN is now shutting down the negotiations between Libya’s latest Turkish and Russian power brokers. Military forces, loyal to the globally recognized government of Libya, are ready for the trip on 6 July 2020 to Sirte.
The foreign nations are waging proxy wars, by a combination of officials and working armies. They are also using disputes as a match performance on what succeeds and what they can achieve. Much similar to the 1930s, we will see the ripped consequences in the coming years. It might not have taken place as Gaddafi had expected in 2011. He will surely not accept what Libya has become nowadays, which has now grown into an outdoor park. The destiny of the citizens of Libya is in their possession gradually.