For many years Mali has been dealing with the political insurgency. This started back in 2012 when Islamic militia in the country began terrorizing people. Although the states in the Sahel have come together trying to restore peace, insurgencies are still rampant. Due to these invasions, Mali has been unstable in its economic and political growth.
The economy has been deteriorating. As a result, many have fled the country seeking good health and life. During the numerous rebel attacks in the country, many families have lost their loved ones. Political crises have also been rampant as citizens were protesting demanding the ousted president to resign. They claimed that President Keita wasn’t doing anything much to control the crises in the country.
Dethronment Of Keita
Following this continued rebellion, the military decided to oust President Keita. It was 18th August when the military soldiers stormed in a military base in Kati and arrested senior officers. They took all their ammunition and took control of the base. Then they rallied in Bamako and detained President Keta and his vice.
Although this news infuriated ECOWAS member states, most of the Malians were impressed. The trade block considered this act an offense hence they imposed restrictions on Mali.
Following the August military coup, ECOWAS, the 15 member states trade block imposed sanctions on Mali. This decision preceded dethronement of the former president Ibrahim Boubacar who was usurped during a military coup. ECOWAS had halted cash flow in Mali, frozen their properties, and banned trade with them. They demanded Mali to form a transition government and elect a new president in exchange for them to end the sanctions.
Akuffo-Addo Visits Mali
After negotiations, the military government in Mali elected Ndaw as the transition president. Later Nana Akufo-Addo, the president of Ghana and chair of ECOWAS signed the declaration to lift the sanctions. On Sunday, 11th of October 2020, Nana Akufo-Addo visited Mali.
Bah Ndaw, the interim president and retired colonel received President Akufo-Addo at the airport in Mali when he arrived. The Ghanian president is the first head of state to visit Ghana since ECOWAS lifted the sanctions. Moreover, president Akufo-Addo will also meet with the interim vice president during his stay in Mali. The deputy president was the head of the army who led the August coup.
Even though the colonels are in power, they have promised to step down as soon as the transition period of 18 months is over. They pledge to return the power to the civilians who the people had elected. During the first opening of the transitional government on Friday, Ndaw said:
“Our country must return to full constitutional legality, with a President of the Republic elected within the prescribed deadlines, and if possible before.”
ECOWAS sanctions on Mali was away the trade block endorsed civilian president in the country. As such the regional organization ended the ban after the country satisfied their request. However, Mali is still unstable since insurgency has led to most parts of the country being in inflamed ethnic tensions and out of government control.
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