The kidney is an essential organs in the body that help us in the excretion of waste. Through urine formation, with the help of kidneys, a body can remove excess water and wastes from the body.
Nephrons are present in the kidneys, and they contain tiny structures called the glomerulus, which is in the Bowman’s capsule. Blood filtration occurs here, whereby blood pressure pushes water and solutes from the capillaries to the capsule through a membrane. This membrane only allows small-sized solutes to pass through it and not large-sized molecules. The resulting filtrate contains waste and other essential substances the body requires, such as amino acids, glucose, and essential ions.
After the filtrate exits the glomerulus, it flows through the renal duct. As the filtrate moves, the critical substances and water reabsorbed through the tube into the capillaries. This is the second step in urine formation in the kidney.
Process of Secretion in the Kidney
Later on, the process of secretion occurs whereby waste ions and hydrogen ions pass from the capillaries into the renal duct. The ions secreted will combine with the remaining filtrate and become urine. The urine flows out into a collecting duct. It passes out of the kidneys down the bladder.
Urine contains 95% water and 5% waste products. These wastes include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid. Glucose is not part of what goes to waste.
Alcohol Formation And Candida Glabrata
Alcohol forms through the process of fermentation, whereby yeast converts sugars to ethanol, CO2, and other byproducts. Ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate are metabolites of ethanol that form in our bodies and its fluids. Candida Glabrata, a yeast found in the human body, when in abundance by colonizing around the bladder, tends to act like the fermentation yeast in alcohol, which converts the sugars into ethanol.
The Bizarre Woman In Pittsburg Who Urinates Alcohol
Recently there has been a case of an unusual woman who has the bladder fermentation disease. She visited the University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre Presbyterian Hospital, where she was to undergo a liver transplant.
Various tests done to her before, and they noticed she had alcohol present in her urine. Doctors at first believed that the woman’s circumstance brought about due to alcohol addiction. That was not the case for this woman.
In addition to her ethanol problem, she had high levels of glucose (hyperglycosuria). Various treatments prescribed to her with antifungal dosages, but they did not work out for her. Doctors say that the effect of the drugs might be chocked to the diabetic condition of the woman, which seemed to be uncontrolled.
Unrecognizable Nature Of The Condition
The above condition is said to be undetectable under normal tests. Hence various medical practitioners are advised to be extra keen when undertaking laboratory tests and very alert when it comes to record-keeping.