Shoprite Closure is a Big Quake for Nigeria’s Economy


Shoprite, the largest grocery retailer in Africa, revealed that it is leaving Nigeria. This was like a major “shock” in Nigeria’s financial economy. The South African retail company was transformed into the largest market in Africa and became the central pillar for much of Nigeria and Africa’s new shopping center projects. An earlier declaration by another South-African company following the Shoprite announcement, Mr. Price, also confirmed that it would shut down the last of its Nigerian outlets early 2021.

While Mr. Price had made decent profits at the beginning of his career, the harsh working climate rendered the future of the business challenging to imagine. Until recently, Mr. Price benefited from the recent South African push into Nigeria, together with Shoprite and Pep Stores. Some companies that closed their shops in Nigeria attributed their demise to the country’s problems and pointed to market models that were not tailored to the local environment.

Shoprite’s trading statement issued on 3 August read, “Following approaches from various potential investors, and in line with our re-evaluation of the group’s operating model in Nigeria, the board has started a formal process to consider the potential sale of all, or a majority stake, in Retail Supermarkets Nigeria Ltd, a subsidiary of Shoprite International Ltd. Any further updates will be provided to the market at the appropriate time.”

When Shoprite released its annual revenue, they identified this move as a closed activity.

Why Shoprite Recession is a Big Hit to African’s Economy

Sales in Nigeria from January to June 2020 registered negative development of -6.3 percent, with trade down -5.9 percent in the first half of the year and-6.7 percent in the second half of the year, which involves the Covid-19 lockdown era. Beyond South Africa’s home base and other than Nigeria, shops in Africa have reported negative year-on-year development of -1.4%. In comparison, domestic turnover in South Africa has risen by 8.7%, given the regional financial problems. Only eight years earlier, the average revenue of supermarkets from foreign nations in 2012, compared to 12.9 percent of local retail companies, was 25.4 percent (19.7 percent with fixed currencies).

Shoprite is perceived as one of Africa’s most hardened investors, with its growth guided by former CEO Whitey Basson. His potential for danger saw Shoprite branch out to other places including Uganda, among others, and cities in Nigeria, like Kano, a Muslim-dominated north, amid fears at the time about stability as a consequence of extremist group Boko Haram‘s assaults throughout the area, and the feasibility of stockpiling so far north. The selling of all or part of Shoprite’s 25-store company in Nigeria is a huge deal considering the money and resources it has spent in the West African market.

The extreme crisis of this nation in 2016-2017 created considerable suffering for Nigerians. It affected sales per capita and raised retail products and services market. The country had scarcely emerged from this until the pandemic. The resulting shutdowns introduced a fresh wave of challenges. These include crashing oil rates and a drastic decline in the consumption of oil from Nigeria’s daily consumers. This affected not only public income but also decreased export-generated exchange supply. The inability to develop a solid export base has always been the Achilles heel of the nation.

Why Shoprite Made this Decision

Shoprite isn’t one of the discount stores. It might have taken time to recognize the features of the operating climate. It has dealt with many of the challenges along the way through its interactions in African markets is capable. Yet that may have gone out of the way for various motives. One is the effects of decreasing exchange on the company’s bottom line, which is amplified by monetary changes.

The shortage of foreign exchange has had a significant effect on businesses struggling to repatriate import revenues and foreign currency. Shoprite has raised its local market supplier availability to 80 percent. It still needs foreign exchange to manage its store and import products. Its 2017 program, launched in Nigeria to establish relationships with suppliers The deficit even threatens South Africa’s repatriation. Currency instability has exacerbated the problem because much of the spending is in US dollars. The rapid devaluation and fluctuation of Nigerian naira and South African rand against the US dollar have affected these prices.

The various importation constraints that influence stock and procurement decisions, is the congestion at Lagos ports. This could trigger delays of weeks and even months in deliveries of imports. The current manager has a more balanced desire for companies outside South Africa. They signaled a pace change last year by the company’s new CEO, Pieter Engelbrecht, saying the group will continue to consider African possibilities “but not at any cost.”

What this Means for Nigeria

The government of Nigeria is reluctant to rapidly stimulate economic growth to resolve its threats to income, economic policy, and foreign exchange. It has electricity issues, involving expenditure with expensive generators to sustain the sun. The idea from Shoprite that a majority interest in the Nigerian firm may be sold to a local buyer implies that the corporation will not automatically decrease the bonds. Reports suggest there would be a realistic interim phase to preserve the program’s integrity once they reach an arrangement.



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