There are many ground breaking inventions by Africans that the world is using today nor can they live without that deserve applause and recognition. The earliest human technological record in the world is in Africa: they have discovered the oldest stone tools in Eastern Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa subsequently found evidence for tool manufacturing. Nevertheless, science and technology history has gained comparatively little recognition, considering significant African advances in mathematics, metalworks, engineering, or several other areas, as contrasted with different world continents.
Africa has developed many groundbreaking ideas, develops technology in line with Western countries, and has many aspirations and imaginative thoughts. The African continent has so many great inventions that the entire world does not know. Here are some of the best, most proudly African inventions and discoveries that have changed the world through their creations, and they include;
Bluetooth Biomedical Smart Jacket (Uganda)
The Smart Jacket is a biomedical design created by Turyabagye Brian, a Ugandan engineer with his business partner, Koburongo Olivia, who unknowingly lost her grandmother to pneumonia because of a wrong diagnosis. It was designed to take an accurate diagnosis of pneumonia faster than a doctor.
The “Mama-Ope” jacket measures a sick child’s breathing rate and temperature and also eliminates the possibility of human error. This bright jacket has a modified stethoscope placed in the vest and linked to a mobile phone application that records the audio beats and detects lung crackles of the patient’s vest, leading to a complete preliminary diagnosis. This invention was listed for the Royal Academy of Engineering in Africa in 2017.
The World’s Fastest Computer (Nigeria)
Philip Emeagwali is a Nigerian computer scientist. At 14, Philip Emeagwali, also known as the Bill Gates of Africa, had to leave school because of financial constraints. Nevertheless, this did not preclude him from being one of our times’ greatest technology giants. As an adult, Emeagwali began researching nature, particularly bees. The honeycombed construction motivated him to reconsider computer processing. Finally, in 1989, he put this concept to work by inventing a program and formula using 65,000 processes to create the world’s first supercomputer performing at 3.1 billion calculations per second.
Cyber-tracker (South Africa)
One fantastic innovation that also has its origins in philanthropy is the cyber-tracker. After spending time with the San people, they urged Louis Liebenberg, a South African, to enable traditional hunter collectors to maintain their expertise and innate technology monitoring abilities. As a result, Cyber-tracker software was developed, allowing the trackers to get jobs in ecotourism, as rangers in anti-poaching units, wildlife monitoring, and scientific research.
The software has an icon-based UI that allows non-literate trackers to record complex geo-referencing and animal behavior observations. This invention has been a critical factor in developing jobs for indigenous peoples in Africa and is essential for anti-poaching and conservation efforts worldwide.
Oh! Yes, you saw it right, Africans invented Math. Much as you hate or love numbers, I guess Math is one of those exciting inventions that have currently changed the world. It is said that the ancient Egyptians innovated a numeric system that existed way before civilization, and they also found and solved arithmetic equations.
The mathematical object “Lubombo” bone discovered in Mountain Lubombo from Swaziland takes us back to Africa’s history. This discovery indicated that Africans invented mathematics as all the formulas that included fractions and the volume of shapes.
CAT Scan (South Africa)
Allan Cormack, a South African, invented the CAT scan. He developed the idea in the United Kingdom and was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for his invention, in1979. The technology machine helps a radiologist have a map of tissue slices of the body through electronic detection and X-ray sources that rotate around the body. This technological invention is widely used worldwide, especially in medical fields, to scan the brain and other parts like the skull.
The Calendar (Egypt)
We know ancient Egyptians to be the greatest investors of all time. They also invented the calendar about five thousand years ago and the way days are divided into hours and minutes. So you see that accurately designed calendar on your desk or wall, well, it’s all the brains of the ancient Egyptians.
Cardio Pad (Cameroon)
A Cameroonian entrepreneur, Marc Arthur, invented the Cardio Pad. It was one of the first medical tabs to have a touch screen. It is used for heart examinations as it allows electrocardiograms to be conducted in villages and other inaccessible environments or places in Cameroon and across Africa. The cardio pad enables heart patients to diagnose and facilitate patients suffering from heart diseases with treatment.
Charging Shoes (Kenya)
Have you ever thought of shoes that can charge your phone? Well, here comes a genius Kenyan, Anthony Mutua, who invented charging shoes that apply the same technology as the phone to set using power. These shoes can charge a phone through a person’s movement as electricity is generated through the shoe sole’s pressure and weight. The chips carry current to the phone through an extension cable as long as one keeps walking to generate electricity.
When one is in a static position, the phone will still charge as the shoes save power, just like a power bank. Amazing, right? The most exciting part about this innovation is that one can walk or run without a wiring system, and it will still be able to generate and store energy that would later be used to charge your phone.
Carbon Steel (Tanzania)
According to European archaeologist Peter Ridgway Schmidt, the Haya people from Tanzania had been forging their way around 2000 years through a literalist combination of oral tradition and archaeology. It is said that Europeans made carbon steel, but as the Archaeologist was studying the history of the Haya people, he found a spot of a conventional furnace used to forge steel. He said the Haya people created a furnace from mud and grass, which was burnt to provide the carbon needed to transform the iron to steel as the process is quite similar to open-hearth furnace steelmaking.
Many medical treatments and surgeries, such as vaccinations, broken bone setting, bullet surgery, brain surgery, and Cesarean section, commonly known as C-section, among others that occur today, were invented in Africa. It’s said that the earliest surgery was performed in Egypt around 2750 BC as ancient Egyptians went ahead to create concepts of medicine that include documentation of healing types used.
This is an invention by Ashifi Gogo, a Ghanaian born. In 2009, he invented Sproxil that checks and fights counterfeit drugs in Africa. It has helped consumers avoid purchasing counterfeit products all around the world. This invention won the IBM Smart Card Boston Award in 2010 as well.
As the world sets off to the futuristic and technological ambiance, Africans are part of the evolving journey through their mind-blowing and exciting innovations. Their innovations have changed Africa’s face and helped earn wealth for the inventors and those who benefit directly from it.